Monthly Archives: April 2012

Relationship of caregiver and family functioning to outcomes after postacute rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury

Caregiver distress should be accounted for in studies investigating the effectiveness of postacute rehabilitation after TBI. Read article

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Changes in emotional empathy, affective responsivity, and behavior following severe traumatic brain injury

The results represent the first to suggest that level of emotional empathy post traumatic brain injury may be associated with behavioral manifestations of disorders of drive and control. Read article

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A review of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging findings in mild traumatic brain injury

Enhanced sensitivity of newer and more advanced neuroimaging techniques for identifying areas of brain damage in mTBI will be important for documenting the biological basis of postconcussive symptoms, which are likely associated with subtle brain alterations, alterations that have heretofore … Continue reading

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Estrogen hormone reveals protective ability after traumatic brain injury

Estrone, one of the three naturally occurring estrogen hormones in the body, has shown some promise in reducing inflammation and cell death in the brain. Read article

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New stem cell found in brain: Finding could be key to developing methods to heal and repair brain injury

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered a new stem cell in the adult brain. These cells can proliferate and form several different cell types — most importantly, they can form new brain cells. Read article

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Prevalence of traumatic brain injury in intimate partner violence offenders compared to the general population: A meta-analysis

TBI may be a risk factor for interpersonal violence, although comparatively few source studies, lack of standardized information about TBI severity, and the inability to investigate potential confounding variables necessarily limit this conclusion. Read article

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Glucose variability negatively impacts long-term functional outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury

Glucose variability was significantly associated with poorer long-term functional outcome in patients with TBI as measured by the GOSE score. Read article

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Use of hyperbaric oxygen in traumatic brain injury: Retrospective analysis of data of 20 patients treated at a tertiary care centre

After the treatment, a significantly higher proportion of HBOT treated subjects showed a good response in cognitive functions, as measured by RLA. Read article

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Quality of life in children and adolescents post-TBI: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Good outcomes are contingent on milder injuries, proxy reporting and early assessment whereas poor outcomes reflect more severe injuries and later assessment (≤6 months vs. ≥ 1 year post-trauma, respectively). Read article

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Traumatic brain injury and disturbed sleep and wakefulness

There is some evidence that reduced evening melatonin production due to traumatic brain damage may cause disruption of circadian regulation of sleep and wakefulness. Read article

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