Monthly Archives: June 2012

Early motor predictors of recovery in patients with severe traumatic brain injury

Head turning, together with or immediately followed by visual pursuit and fixation, proved to be clinically significant variables associated with recovery from vegetative state to higher states of consciousness beyond minimally conscious state. Read article

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Determinants of subjective memory complaints in community-dwelling adults with mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury

Self-reported chronic situational stress is positively associated with self-reported memory complaints, as well as somatic and communication difficulties. Read article

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Irritability following traumatic brain injury: Divergent manifestations of annoyance and verbal aggression

Results showed that annoyance might be the main characteristic of irritability in TBI patients and patients themselves might be unaware of their verbal aggression post-injury. Read article

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Fatigue and sleep disturbance following traumatic brain injury-their nature, causes, and potential treatments

Findings suggest potential treatments including cognitive behavior therapy supporting lifestyle modifications, pharmacologic treatments with modafinil and melatonin, and light therapy to enhance alertness, vigilance, and mood. Read article

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Hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction following traumatic brain injury affects functional improvement during acute inpatient rehabilitation

These findings suggest the importance of testosterone and insulin growth factor-1 activity in the early stages of physical and cognitive rehabilitation. Read article

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Phenytoin versus leviteracetam for seizure prophylaxis after brain injury

Levetiracetam and Phenytoin demonstrate equal efficacy in seizure prevention after brain injury. However, very few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the subject were found. Read article

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Olfaction in athletes with concussion

These findings suggest a possible degenerative effect of concussions on olfactory function. Read article

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Depression, anxiety and quality-of-life among relatives of patients with severe brain injury: The acute phase

The majority of the relatives had severely impaired quality-of-life and symptoms of anxiety and depression during the patient’s NICU stay. Read article

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Aripiprazole improves various cognitive and behavioral impairments after traumatic brain injury: a case report

In the present case, aripiprazole dramatically improved the patient’s symptoms and cognitive function. Read article

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Prediction of outcome after moderate and severe traumatic brain injury

Since both the International Mission on Prognosis and Analysis of Clinical Trials and the Corticoid Randomisation After Significant Head injury prognostic models show good generalizability to more recent data, they are valid instruments to quantify prognosis in traumatic brain injury. … Continue reading

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